Basically, it gives the United Kingdom two years to negotiate a "withdrawal agreement" with the 27 remaining member states of the EU.
"No EU law scholar has suggested that with the agreement of the other 27 member states you can not allow a member state to withdraw its notice".
"She has chosen the hardest and most divisive form of Brexit, choosing to take us out of the Single Market before she has even tried to negotiate".
The trigger for all this tumult is the innocuous-sounding Article 50 of the EU's Lisbon Treaty, a never-before-used mechanism for withdrawing from the bloc. These include getting a good free trade deal.
Sterling slipped from a three-week high against the dollar on what Brexit minister David Davis described as a move taking Britain to "the threshold of the most important negotiation for this country for a generation". But it's unclear whether Article 50 is legally reversible.
The Irish government then published a graphic outlining what is expected to happen next and who is involved in Article 50 negotiations.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel said the European Union also had two tracks to work on over the next year.
The directives will also have to be approved by a council of European Union affairs ministers, who will meet on 16 May.
What else will Britain have to do?
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One of the main stumbling points in trade deals is agreeing on similar regulatory standards.
But such negotiations will be complex and the two-year deadline might not be enough.
The British government will also have to repeal the legislation that took it into the European Union and convert European Union law into British law.
Meanwhile, Downing Street denied reports suggesting that ministers were considering a snap election after triggering Article 50.
So will Britain be out of the E.U.by March 2019?
Article 50, which has never been used before, is quite simple and only consists of five short paragraphs.
She has been vocal that Britain is heading for a "bad deal" on Brexit and apparently wants out. As the results come in, UKIP leader Nigel Farage proclaims that this day should be considered Britain's "independence day".
According to the explainer, the 27 member states will meet by the end of April or early May to agree and adopt guidelines defining the framework for the negotiations. And yes, most experts seem to think that it will be possible to reverse Brexit if Britain can convince the E.U.it has changed its mind.